Color is everywhere and I don’t know about you but if the world wasn’t colorful, life would be pretty boring wouldn’t you think?
We, as humans, see color through the sensitivity of all the cells in the retina, a part of the eye, to the wavelengths of different light.
How our eyes work is really fascinating as well, which also helps determine how we see color and light, that can be found here.
However since rods and cones are the main factor that help us perceive color, they’re what I will quickly summarize if you don’t want to go to the hyperlink above. How someone receives the light is through the cones, which then determine the color, depending on the wavelength. The long wavelengths can be up to 570 nanometers, which usually determine the greenish-yellow light, the middle wavelengths, around 540 nm usually determine the green light, and finally the small wavelengths are usually around 450 nm and determines the blue or blue-purple color we see. Rods, on the other hand, are usually almost always responsible for night vision, or vision at low light levels, because they do not mediate color vision.
Honestly I think how the eye works is a fascinating piece of art. To be able to have eyes is a privilege, granted that some don’t, due to whatever the consequence. Also being able to see color and see at all is also a privilege compared to the people who are blind, and can’t see the color we can see. I think we should be grateful to what we can see everyday, because you never know when you could get poked in the eye by a pencil.
The color wheel was developed by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666, and ever since scientists and artists have studied this.
Today scientists and artists have now published the color wheel: consisting of three basic groupings of color in a wheel such as the primary colors, the secondary colors, and the tertiary colors. The Primary Colors consist of red, yellow, and blue, and from these three colors come every other color, also these colors cannot be mixed or made by any combination of other colors. Secondary Colors are green, orange, and purple, and they are the colors formed by mixing each primary color with another, for example, red and blue make purple, and red and yellow make orange, and yellow and blue make green. Finally the Tertiary Colors are found when someone mixes a primary and a secondary color, giving it a two word name, such as yellow-orange, red-orange, red-purple, and so on around the wheel.
There are millions of different colors out in the universe and everyday we should take in how much color we have in our life, and be thankful that we can see and have a lively life with color!